Sunday, March 17, 2019

General Applications of Hypnosis :: Psychology, Hypnosis

Few topics in psychology attract people in the extent that it does hypnosis. The reasons for this reside atomic number 18 multiple. Hypnosis fascinates by his unusual and we do not know if what attracts us is the interest in deciphering the mystery. (D. David after Gheorghidiu, 2000)Anton Mesmer was he who first who induced the raise of hypnosis. He used to use a magnet that moves along the patients body to improve blood circulation. Forgeting his magnet and once at home, Anton Mesmer was forced to resort to other object, a piece of wood, and found that patients responded well. But Mesmer did not realize at the time that the object used was important, but fireions which induces the patient. (Ovidiu Lungu, 2004)Mielu Zlate (2007) considered hypnosis as an altered state of consciousness located between wakefulness and sleep, but closer to light than to sleep. Subject keeps contact with the environment during the hypnotic trance helped by the hypnotist, and cognitive changes occu r at the perception, memory, thoughts, feelings, imagination, etc.. This underlines the increase activism of the brain.According to the Ameri piece of tail Psychological Association, hypnosis is a procedure whereby the subject is suggested imaginative experiences to change his subjective experience, to change his perceptions, sensations, thoughts or behavior, (Peter J. Hawkins after APA, 2009).Hypnotic trance has as main features the reduce of be after function (hypnotized subject loses the initiative and will expect the hypnotist to suggest what to do), attention becomes more selective than usual the subject which is told to obey scarcely the interpretive program of the hypnotist will ignore any another voice in the room) imaginative production is easily evoked (subject may bring out that the lives distance experiences in time and space), control and increased tolerance for junior-grade reality distortion (subject might unconditionally accept hallucinatory experiences), inc reased suggestibility (subject must accept the suggestions), post-hypnotic amnesia (if the subject gets instructions for this, the deeply move subject will forget all or almost all) (Rita L. Atkinson, 2002)Hypnotherapy applications argon endless, from the surgical anesthesia which can be used at bring forth without pain, treatment of specific problems such as anxiety, phobias (elevator, dentist), smoking cessation, sexual dysfunction. However, failures can come from the subjects attitude against hypnotherapy and hypnosis. A negative attitude may obstruct treatment. Subjects can not be controlled during their trance unwittingly. (I. Holdevici, 1991)Hypnotherapy for depressive persons contains a model proposed by Yapko in

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